Medical studies can be simply defined as the practice of medicine whether it can be as a physician or after that the post graduate and research based studies when you dig more into this field. We can say that examining diseases, suggesting cures for them and creating cure for the diseases comes into medical studies. We have been using medicine since the day people applied different leaves to their wounds in the Stone Age and got relief. Well it was known long after this era that these leaves can be called medicine because at that time it was just a human instinct which further grew into a whole new field. After the advancement of science the field of medicine also expanded and now we have specified study for the study of medical aspects of humans, another specified study for the study of medical aspects of animals and specified field of the study of medical aspects of plants.
In medical studies the students learn about the living organisms and their internal systems in detail. The study of humans, animals and plants are categorized differently .A lot of research has been done in all these fields and now these fields have their specialized study and degrees. The person who is to study about human will require to study about the human internal system and diseases specifically for 5 or 6 years to become a practitioner of medicine for the humans. Same numbers of years are required for another person to get qualified to treat animals and plants and their diseases.
Basic education of medical starts at the medical school.The students is required different qualifications to enter the medical studies. You must have basic knowledge of biology if you want to enter the medical field. In most of India, China and Europe the basic medical studies on bachelor level are of 5 years including a year of house job and you can enter the medical studies when you are an under graduate while in America you are allowed to enter the medical studies after receiving you bachelors degree. Subjects like anatomy, physiology, bio chemistry, internal medicine, obstetrics, psychiatry, surgery and gynecology are included in the basic study. In most of the countries the medical studies are system based. Medical studies have been considered having the most difficult study outline as compared to all other courses taught all around the world.
After acquiring the M.B.B.S degree the medical students are called doctors and they can practice medicine .There are further degrees in medical like F.C.P.S,R.H.M.P etc. which are equal to the post graduate studies. It is based on more deep research in the medical field but you are only allowed to study these programs if you have completed your education successful at a medical school.
Every country has different criteria for the students who do medical studies from foreign countries or are foreigners and they test their abilities before allowing them to practice medicine in their own country. In America you have to score more than 90% in M.L.E test as a foreigner to be allowed to practice medicine in America while as a local you have to score 75%.
Veterinary Medicine is the name given to the medical study of the diseases, infections and the cure of these for the animals. The history of Veterinary medicine goes back to old Egyptian age and the Buddhist age in sub continent. The first institution o veterinary medicine was first built in France and it is a wide field covering all the aspects of medicine related to animals and all the species that are included in the list of animals. There is proper education system of veterinary medicine equal to the degree of M.B.B.S and you must be certified to work legally as a professional veterinary practitioner. A lot of research is being done now days in veterinary medicine.
Surgery is also a specialized field of medical studies. After acquiring the bachelors in medical studies you are eligible to enter the field of surgical studies. Surgery is commonly known as an operation. The field of surgery goes back in the history to the ancient Greeks who performed eye surgeries and brain surgeries even the starting form of plastic surgery. Then it were the Arabs who took this field to whole new level by introducing different elements and processes in this regard .Surgery basically consist of incision and dissection processes. First incision is made to reach the place which is in need of surgery in the human or animal body, and then it is dissected and then operated. A practitioner is required to have a practice experience of almost 4, 5 years to be eligible for the study and practice of surgery as it is not an easy job to do.
When it comes to the medical studies as any other profession there are some ethics of this profession too which are strictly to be followed. First of all the patient has every right to choose or refuse ay kind of medical treatment and practitioner is not allowed to interfere in the decision. Secondly a practitioner should act in the best possible way for the patient. The practitioner must be just and not classify his patients on the bases of class, creed, color and religion. He must treat them all equally without any difference as it is his responsibility to do so.
In today’s age it has been become a common practice that you can learn online It has also become common in medical field. Many medical colleges are giving medical studies online with visual help to get more idea of what really it is. Thousands of students today all around the world are getting medical education online. The issues of certifying people online and the eligibility of this process has question marks on it as it depends upon the honesty of the student. The students who are allowed to study medical online are also required to give exams online which can be given by anyone else than these students on their behalf as there is no perfect regulatory system online to make sure that the registered student is giving the online exam. Also the data available on the internet and in books can be used for answering the questions in exams which also lessens the credibility of the online education system of medicine.
The Para medical studies also come into the medical studies as the male and female nurses and the lab staff also must be qualified to work in a better way. The nursing profession is also a very noble profession and the Para medical staff has done a lot for humanity especially in war when doctors are not available everywhere. The nursing degree is of 2 to 3 years in most countries of the world where the nurses are given the knowledge to deal with the patients in an effective and professional manner. The nurses are able to handle an emergency situation and they have the knowledge to treat the patient in early stages of the disease so that the patients don’t get panicked.
Once you get into the research field in medical you are in a whole new world where you don’t have to guess the diseases and recommend their medicine to the patient but you have to research on different diseases and find their cure which is such a great service of humanity. People related to medicine have always been doing great service of humanity whether it’s the time of war or peace .So this profession is regarded as one of the noblest professions all around the world. The researchers of medical field have given a lot of hope to the humanity. They are finding cures on everyday bases for different diseases that are fatal for the human race. We are done with the age of plagues thanks to these researchers and now we are moving on towards curing cancer and aids like fatal diseases.
There was a time when the plagues were a disaster for humanity .Whenever a plague started thousands of people died all around the world without resisting and it was considered a an invincible disease but then the cure of these plagues was discovered by the medical researchers and diseases like black plagues and animal plagues became nonexistent on earth. At present day we have beaten many diseases and found their cure like polio, malaria, and diarrhea. Even the deadly diseases like cancer and hepatitis are curable in the early stages and that is truly a miracle of medical sciences.
Modern age medicine is criticized on the basis of the gap between rich and the poor. In old ages well may be this gap wasn’t too much but now it is seen everywhere that if you have the money you have the cure of mostly every disease from allergy to cancer. The people related to medicine have made the cures much expensive for the poor to reach .The prices of medicine as well as the practice fee of the practitioner if so high nowadays leaving aside few of the practitioners that it has become impossible for a poor person to get the cure of his or her diseases. Still people in far countries of Africa die of simple curable diseases like flu, temperature and malaria only due to the unavailability of the doctors and the medicine because they don’t have the money to afford these facilities. This is so much painful to realize that the people responsible for curing the diseases of people and giving them new lives in a way are also responsible for taking the lives of thousands of people just because they are not able to offer them some money.
If we thoroughly study the history of medical study we go right from the 21st century to the ancient Egyptians where we find “Imhotep” the first physician of that age which is known by its name. Well if we move to China the first evidence of the use of medical studies goes back to the Bronze Age while the ayurvedic medicine uses have also been traced in those days in sub continent. The Greek physician Hippocrats known as the “Father of Medicine” laid the basic foundation of medical studies of today. He was the one who categorized the diseases. Even today the doctors take the Hippocratic oath before starting their professional careers.
Muslims have also produced many great practitioners like Ali ibn e moosa Al Ridha,Ali ibn al abbas al Majusi,Zakariya Rzi who is commonly known as Rhazes in the western world whose books were taught even in the medical facilities of west and most famous one Ibn e Sina commonly known as Avicenna in the west who laid the basic foundations of modern day surgery. He was the one who introduced the use of forceps in surgery and he wrote many books on medicine. His books became a guideline for modern day surgery.
Well we can finish this topic on a common thought that is the people related to medical field are considered the noblest people living around due to their ability to heal the pain of affected people and curing the diseases that are fatal for the human race as well as for the animals and plants.
So these people must look above the difference of creed class color and religion when it comes to helping the humanity only then it would be possible for us to create a healthy world.
The practitioners and the researchers of medical field must also try to help the poor patients without looking towards the financial aspects and just considering it as their duty to help the patients whenever they could as written in their oath.